This article offers an etymological and structural analysis of loanwords in the Ossetic language belonging to three semantic domains: Weapons and armour; Mountains, mines and metal manufacturing, Cloth and clothes. A considerable part of these loans is borrowed from certain linguistic subgroups of North Caucasian languages. These borrowings help us better understand migration patterns through the Greater Caucasus area. Based on the regular phonetic correspondences in Ossetic adaptations we propose the ways that both lexical items and related cultural elements historically spread throughout the area.
Keywords: historical linguistics, etymology, phonetic correspondences, Ossetic language, Caucasian languages, borrowings, semantic domains, weapons, mountains, mines, metals, cloth, clothes