Issue 4, 2016

Contents


Articles



Phonetics and Phonology

Sibilant harmony in Tuvan roots

Voinov V.

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Проблемы грамматики

Кодирование единичности и известности прямого дополнения в бесермянском диалекте удмуртского языка

Сердобольская Н.В.

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In languages with differential object marking the distribution of direct object markers is often explained based on definiteness, specificity, prominence and other concepts with binary features (specific vs. non-specific, prominent vs. non-prominent). In Permic languages three types of direct object markers are distinguished: absence of marking, accusative marker and the fused markers of possession and direct object. I show that in Beserman Udmurt the accusative is a non-marked means of encoding definite direct objects, while the possessive suffixes have the following functions: 1) ethical function, 2) marking of null NP heads and 3) marking of non-unique familiar direct objects. Non-referential and indefinite direct objects are not marked.

Keywords: differential object marking, direct object, accusative, possessive morphemes, possession, definiteness, uniqueness, familiarity, Udmurt, Beserman dialect, Finno-Ugric, Uralic

Rodnoy Yazyk, №1(4), 2016


Лексикология и лексикография

Глаголы позиции и их переходные соответствия в ижемском диалекте коми-зырянского языка

Кашкин Е.В.

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The article deals with posture verbs and their transitive counterparts in the Izhma dialect of Komi-Zyrian. I discuss the semantic oppositions in both domains from the perspective of frame semantics. Posture frames appear to be categorized differently than “putting into position” frames.

Keywords: lexical typology, posture verbs, Komi-Zyrian, causatives

Rodnoy Yazyk, №1(4), 2016


Языковые контакты

О монгольских элементах в тувинском языке

Хабтагаева Б.

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The present paper presents some phonetic, morphological and lexical features that characterize the Mongolic elements in Tuvan. Certain criteria are given which help to distinguish the early and later periods of borrowing.

Keywords: etymology, borrowing, re-borrowing, layers, Turkic, Mongolic, Altaic languages, Tuvan

Rodnoy Yazyk, №1(4), 2016


Заимствованная лексика с семантикой ‘углубление в земле’ в диалектах Европейского Севера России

Теуш О.А.

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The present article offers etymologies of Russian dialectal geographical terms with the general meaning of ‘a depression in the ground’. In the European part of North Russia the main sources of borrowings for these terms are Finno-Ugric: the Balto-Finnic languages, Saami and Komi.

Keywords: Russian dialects, borrowing, lexicon, etymology, semantics, Finno-Ugric languages, geography

Rodnoy Yazyk, №1(4), 2016


Лингвистические аспекты перевода Библии

Перевод Библии на тувинский язык: обогащение лексического состава тувинского литературного языка

Мижит Л.С.

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This article examines some linguistic issues that arose in the process of translating the Bible into the Tuvan language for the first time. The investigation focuses on how key terms and expressions of the Holy Scriptures were rendered into Tuvan, taking into account the Tuvan worldview with its traditional religious and mythological components. Examples are given of how this translation promoted the growth of the Tuvan lexicon, including neologisms, borrowings, retained archaisms, and so forth.

Keywords: Bible translation, Tuvan language, lexicon, Christianity, culture, worldview, neologisms, borrowings, archaisms, phraseology

Rodnoy Yazyk, №1(4), 2016


Автоматическая обработка текста

Development of a finite-state model for morphological processing of Tuvan

Washington J.N.Bayyr-ool A.Salchak A.Tyers F.M.

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This paper describes the development of a free/open-source finitestate morphological transducer for Tuvan, a Turkic language spoken in and around the Tuvan Republic in Russia. The finite-state toolkit used for the work is the Helsinki Finite-State Toolkit (HFST); we use the lexc formalism for modelling the morphotactics and twol formalism for modelling morphophonological alternations. We describe how the development of a transducer can provide new insight into grammatical generalisations, as the transducer functions as a testable model of the language’s morphology. Based on this, we add to the existing literature on Tuvan morphology a novel description of the morphological combinatorics of quasi-derivational morphemes in Tuvan, as well as some previously undescribed morphophonological phenomena. An evaluation is presented which shows that the transducer has a reasonable coverage—around 93%—on freely-available corpora of the language, and high precision—over 99%—on a manually verified test set.

Keywords: Tuvan, morphological analysis, finite-state transducers

Rodnoy Yazyk, №1(4), 2016




Reviews


Агранат Т.Б.

Review of Language policy in the context of modern language processes, ed. by A.N. Bitkeeva, 2015.


Editorial Board


  • T.B. Agranat (editor-in-chief)
  • A.N. Bitkeeva
  • K.T. Gadilia
  • M.Sh. Khalilov
  • T.A. Maisak
  • O.A. Mudrak
  • Yu.V. Psyanchin
  • E.L. Rudnitskaya
  • V.Yu. Voinov
  • S.M. Yaroshevich (editorial secretary)

Editorial Council


  • V.M. Alpatov
  • M. Beerle-Moor
  • A.V. Dybo
  • F.G. Khisamitdinova
  • M.I. Magomedov
  • K.M. Musaev
  • D.M. Nasilov
  • G.Ts. Pyurbeev
  • M.Z. Ulakov

Rodnoy Yazyk, №5(2) 2016